Acknowledging Sources

Acknowledging the sources of information and ideas you have used when writing your essays or assignments is important whether you have quoted them directly or indirectly. This is done by referencing or citing your sources and there are a number of different ways you can do this.

When referencing your work it is important that you use the right punctuation and that the order of elements in the citation are also done correctly. The Vancouver style of referencing is predominantly used in the medical field. The CSMLS uses Vancouver Style. Follow the guidelines provided below to help you acknowledge your sources correctly.

Refer to the CSMLS Academic Dishonesty policy for any concerns or questions regarding the importance of referencing your work.

For additional information please contact Learning Services.


Indigenous Land Acknowledgement : We respectfully acknowledge the CSMLS office, located in Hamilton, Ontario, is situated upon the traditional territories of the Haudenosaunee Confederacy, the Mississauga Nation, Anishinaabe Peoples, and the Neutral Peoples. This land is covered by the Dish With One Spoon wampum, which is a treaty between the Haudenosaunee and Anishinaabe to share and care for the resources around the Great Lakes. We further acknowledge that this land is covered by the Between the Lakes Treaty No. 3, 1792, between the Crown and the Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation.


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