General Medical Laboratory Technology

General Medical Laboratory Technologists (MLTs) are an important part of the health care professional team. Using a variety of complex instruments, they analyze tissue samples, blood and other body fluids as a part of the diagnostic procedure. General MLTs provide the results of these sophisticated tests to physicians, allowing them to make accurate diagnosis and if needed, appropriate treatment.

General MLTs specialize in several areas:

Clinical Chemistry

Conducts tests on blood and body fluid to detect chemicals, hormones and/or drugs.

Common Test: Blood Glucose (blood sugar) to diagnose and monitor diabetes.

Clinical Microbiology

Conducts tests on blood, body fluid and/or tissue samples to detect bacteria, fungi, viruses, and/or parasites.

Common Test: Throat swab to detect strep throat.


Conducts tests to measure blood cells and to detect diseases/disorders of the blood.

Common Test: Hemoglobin Test to detect anemia.

Transfusion Science

Conducts blood typing and blood compatibility tests.

Common Test: Cross-matching for blood transfusions.


Prepares samples of body tissue for tests to detect disease.

Common Test: Biopsy of a breast lump.

Other speciality areas include immunology, electron microscopy, virology, parasitology and flow cytometry.

Indigenous Land Acknowledgement : We respectfully acknowledge the CSMLS office, located in Hamilton, Ontario, is situated upon the traditional territories of the Haudenosaunee Confederacy, the Mississauga Nation, Anishinaabe Peoples, and the Neutral Peoples. This land is covered by the Dish With One Spoon wampum, which is a treaty between the Haudenosaunee and Anishinaabe to share and care for the resources around the Great Lakes. We further acknowledge that this land is covered by the Between the Lakes Treaty No. 3, 1792, between the Crown and the Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation.


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